• Polishes& Waxes - furniture and floor polishes, finishers
Many brands of furniture polish and floor wax include petroleum-based chemicals which are designed to vaporize in your home as they dry and harden.  Inhalation exposure can lead to headache, respiratory irritation and worsening of asthma. 
Chemical(s) of Concern:   naphtha, Stoddard solvent, phenol, and phthalates
Alternatives:  rub-on natural oils such as lemon, mineral or essential oils; beeswax, low VOC floor wax; apply with windows open or with fans operating.
Link: Furniture Polish (US EPA)
  • Carpet  Cleaners
Some carpet cleaners use harmful chemicals that can release strong fumes into the air. In addition, some chemical residues can be left behind in the carpets where children play.  These chemicals can cause headaches and eye, skin and respiratory irritation. It is helpful to vacuum carpets frequently.
Chemical(s) of Concern:   solvents (glycol ethers), naphthalene
Alternatives:  limit use of wall-to-wall carpets; steam clean; spot clean with club soda or cornstarch; use cleaners with plant-based ingredients.
Link: Rug or Carpet Cleaners (US EPA)
Household Cleaners
There is a wide range of cleaners on the market, some with chemicals of concern and others based upon less toxic ingredients. Look for certification from Green Seal, Ecologo or Design for the Environment 3rd party certifiers. 
Chemical(s) of Concern: ammonium chloride, sodium hypochlorite, phenols, triclosan
Alternatives:  certified green products, vinegar, baking soda, hydrogen peroxide, essential oils and alcohol


  • Air fresheners and other fragrance products
These products have become very popular, however, they are often unnecessary and put chemicals into the air which can be a health concern for some.  Use only when there are no other choices to controlling odors.
Chemical(s) of Concern: phthalates, fragrance, 1,4-dichlorobenzene and hydrocarbon propellants
Alternatives:  ventilation, baking soda, white vinegar, natural essential oils

Air Fresheners: What You Need to Know (CTDPH)

Household Pesticides – insecticides
These products are designed to kill insects and may come in spray cans, or bait stations. They are highly toxic if contacted directly and should be locked away from children and pets.  When sprayed into a home the residues can last for weeks and settle into floor dust. 
Chemical(s) of Concern: organophosphates, pyrethroids, carbamates
Alternatives: practice integrated pest management, use mechanical traps such as fly and pheromone traps, child-proof bait stations
  • Mothballs
These moth repellents contain chemicals that are irritating to the lungs and are carcinogenic.  Even if used correctly there is exposure to these chemicals around the house, and often the product is used improperly in closets and attics.  Children have swallowed moth balls and become poisoned. 
Chemical(s) of Concern: naphthalene, paradichlorobenzene
Alternatives:  cedar chips, herbal sachets
  • Pet Care
Dogs and cats often get fleas which can be difficult to remedy.  Pesticide-based collars, shampoos, topical treatments and pills all deliver pesticide to your pet to kill the fleas.  However, the pesticide migrates from collars onto fur and then transfers to children and other household members who pet the animal.   It is important to minimize pesticide exposure, especially in children. 
Chemical(s) of Concern: propoxor, organophosphates, fiprinol, resmethrin
Alternatives:  Wash and groom pets frequently; remove any furniture or carpets which may be harboring fleas.  If you do need to treat with pesticide, use pills instead of topical application.  You can also try natural flea treatments including feeding your pet garlic and brewer’s yeast.  Discuss options with your veterinarian. 
Pet Care (HHS Household Products Database)
Flea Collars  (US EPA)