HIV Statistics | STD Control Program | Tuberculosis Program
HIV Prevention

Note: This site contains HIV prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences. Since HIV infection is spread primarily through sexual practices or by sharing needles, prevention messages on this site may address these topics.

Child

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a disease that causes the body to lose its natural protection against infection. The disease is one of the most devastating epidemics in modern history.

The virus is found in the blood and other body fluids of infected individuals. It can be transmitted during vaginal, anal or oral sex; or when sharing needles to shoot drugs, pierce the body or make tattoos. Pregnant women with HIV infection can pass the virus to their baby during pregnancy or delivery, as well as through breast feeding.

Woman

HIV attacks certain white blood cells that protect the body against illness. A person with AIDS is more likely to become ill from infections and unusual types of pneumonia and cancer that healthy persons normally can fight off.

Since HIV was first identified in 1981, it has spread rapidly throughout the world. In the United States, an estimated 800,000 to 900,000 people are currently living with HIV/AIDS, and up to one-third do not know they are infected. Since 1981, nearly 450,000 people in the United States have died.

Man

Approximately 40,000 people in the United States become infected each year. People of color, particularly African Americans and Latinos, are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and have some of the highest infection rates. Gay and bisexual men, injection drug users and women represent other populations at greatest risk of infection.

There is no vaccine or cure for AIDS and those with HIV are infected for life.

There are, however, treatments and medicines that can help the body resist the virus, including anti-retroviral drugs. These drugs can increase the number of years between contracting HIV and developing AIDS, but they are not able to prevent the onset of AIDS.


Resources

HIV Prevention Policies

HIV Testing

Overdose Prevention Education and Naloxone Distribution - OPEN Access CT Opens in a new window Opens in a new window Opens in a new window Opens in a new window

Codes for L4 field to be entered in EvaluationWeb:

HIV Case Reporting

Preexposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)

Sexual Assault and HIV

Syringe Services Program (SSP)

Tell Me What You See (TMWYS) - NEW

A supplemental resource developed in Connecticut that health educators can use to enhance existing curricula for high school-aged youth. The initiative addresses STDs, hepatitis and HIV prevention and integrates essential knowledge and skill development through an art-based approach to prevention education. The artwork and poetry was created by incarcerated youth and focuses on a multidisciplinary approach: Tell Me What You See Opens in a new window Opens in a new window Opens in a new window Opens in a new window

Routine HIV Testing in Health Care Settings


The CDC-INFO Center provides timely, science-based, and consistent health information. It replaces the CDC HIV/AIDS Hotline. The CDC-INFO CENTER can be reached 24 hours a day at:

1-800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636)
1-888-232-6348 TTY
E-mail Address: cdcinfo@cdc.gov