For information about becoming a foster or adoptive parent call 1-888-KID-HERO or e-mail: 

About Adoption
Adoption Assistance Program
Adoption Community Network
Adoption Subsidy Review Board
Adult Adoption Search
Adults who were once committed to DCF
College Assistance / Post-Secondary Education Assistance
Connecticut Alliance of Foster and Adoptive Families (CAFAF)
Instructions for Financial Aid Applications (For post-secondary Education and Interstate Compact)
FAQ's (Adoption & Foster Care)
FAQ's (Connecticut Adoption Search)
FAQ's (Post-adoption)
Legal Risk Adoptions
Ongoing Requirements
Open House Schedule
Permanency Resource Exchange
Post-Adoption Services
Post Licensing Training
Re-Licensing Process
Request information about DCF Foster Care/Adoption Programs
Reunion Registry
Subsidized Adoption
Subsidized Guardianship
Support for Foster and Adoptive Families
The Road to Fostering/Adoption (English)
The Road to Fostering/Adoption (Español)
Voluntary Services


About Adoption

Adoptive families play a critical part in the life of a child by providing a permanent, safe and loving home. Just like the children they adopt, adoptive parents come from a variety of backgrounds. You can become a foster or adoptive parent and truly change a child’s life forever. The children waiting in state care vary from age newborn to 17, with the majority of them being between the ages of 5 and 17. Many have physical, emotional and/or intellectual disabilities. Although many have challenges, they all have wonderful strengths also. Children in state care are currently living in temporary foster homes, group homes or residential settings. Some have had multiple placements. Some wait with siblings, and some wait alone. They remain hopeful that someone will come forward soon to provide them with the loving family that all children deserve.

Once you are licensed, you may choose the age, gender, ethnicity and "needs level" of the children you care for. Support is provided to you before and after the child is placed in your home.



Adoption Assistance Program

The CT Adoption Assistance Program (AAP) offers confidential assessment, brief counseling, and referral services to all families who've adopted children from the DCF foster care system or through the DCF relative guardianship program. 
The AAP is designed to assist in the identification and resolution of a guardianship / adoptive family’s concerns.
The program is housed at:

University of Connecticut-Health Center 
270 Farmington Avenue
The Exchange, Suite 262
Farmington, CT 06032-6210
Tel. 860-679-4006 
Toll free in CT: 877-679-1961 


Permanency Resource Exchange

The Adoption Resource Exchange is located at 505 Hudson Street, Hartford, CT 06106 and is charged with maintaining a registry of all children legally free for adoption in Connecticut per CGS 17a-43. Additional work done by Adoption Resource Exchange Staff include:

  • Maintaining a registry of families approved for adoption.
  • Referring appropriate home studies (matching a family’s request for a child to the children available) to area offices that are requesting adoptive and “legal risk” families for children who are free for adoption or who need a permanent home while the legal work is completed.
  • Conducting specialized recruitment efforts on behalf of Connecticut’s children who are waiting to be adopted that include the annual Heart Gallery, listings on the national exchange, participation in ADOPT US KIDS and aggressive outreach efforts to other states-participating in inter-jurisdictional adoption.
  • Providing technical assistance to area offices and participating in permanency planning teams.
  • Responding on behalf of the Commissioner to correspondence from agencies and individuals interested in Connecticut’s adoption laws and the Department’s adoption program.
  • Maintaining all closed adoption records.
  • Processing subsidized adoption finalizations for the Commissioner’s signature.
  • Providing information to adult adoptees - see “Adult Adoption Search” on this website for more information.
  • Maintaining the “Adoption Reunion Registry” and the “Medical Information Registry” for adopted children.
  • Answering questions from the general public regarding Connecticut’s adoption laws and processes.
  • Manage the College Assistance Program.
  • Manage The Permanency Placement Services Program contracts.



Frequently Asked Questions about Adopting and Foster Care

How can I become a Foster or Adoptive Parent?
All families providing foster care and pre-adoptive care for children in Connecticut are licensed or approved according to the regulations of the Connecticut Department of Children and Families (DCF). The first step is to attend an open house offered by one of our 14 area offices. At the open house, staff provide an overview of the agency’s mission, what we do and who we serve, our philosophy of foster care, and the licensing process and requirements. DCF staff will conduct an assessment of you, your family and your home and write a home study. The home study process includes attendance at classes and home visits by a social worker.

To begin this process, please call:  1-888-KID-HERO. You can also check our Open House Schedule for the location most convenient for you.

Are there age requirements for applicants?
Yes. you must be at least 21 years old.

Who can adopt?
Any adult, single or married, who is/are able to provide a safe, loving home to a child, is eligible to adopt. There is no discrimination of race, age, gender identity and/or expression, marital/partner or cohabitation status or actual or perceived inherent sexuality. Adoptive/Foster parent(s) can be as young as 21 or they can be seniors.  Parent(s) may be renting a residence or may own their home.  (NOTE:  All prospective parents must attend a series of classes which meet at a variety of locations and times around the state. The course covers a wide range of subjects that may be helpful in parenting a child with special needs, and includes a home study.  In addition, prospective parents must pass federal, state and local criminal history and DMV background checks.  In total, the licensing process may take 4 months or more to complete.)

Does a recent marriage, divorce, birth of a child, death of a loved one or other major change/event in the family affect the application process?
Yes. Any major life change will be assessed on an individual basis. Sometimes a brief wait is encouraged. Families need stability before considering the addition of a child.

Is there a minimum income requirement?
The family must have sufficient income to cover their living expenses (rent, heat, electric, food, insurance, medical, etc.) without the monthly reimbursement fee for the care of the foster child.

Is home ownership a requirement?
No.  You can rent or own an apartment, single-family house or condominium.  You need to have a separate bed for each foster children and separate rooms for children of the opposite sex ages three and older.

Can I work outside of my home?
Yes, provided the plan is approved by the child's social worker and is guided by the age and the needs of each child.

Does the child have medical insurance?
Yes, Each child has coverage through a managed care company.

Is there a limit to the number of children allowed in my home?
Yes.  The maximum number of children allowed is six.  The maximum number of foster and/or pre-adoptive children placed in the home is three at the same time.

Can single individuals or parents foster and/or adopt?
Yes.  Foster care and adoption by single parents is permissible and supported.  LGBTQ single individuals are also allowed and encouraged to foster and adopt in Connecticut.

Can same gender couples foster and/or adopt?
Yes.  Foster care and adoption by same gender couples (both married and those couples living in the same household) is permissible and supported. 

How long does it take to adopt a waiting child?
The timeframe varies, based on the needs of the waiting child and the type of child you are willing to consider. After placement, the average length of time from placement to finalization is six months to a year for those children who are legally free. The Department is making an effort to shorten the timeframe in individual situations when appropriate. Supportive services from the Department are available during the pre-adoptive time period to ensure that the best plan is in place for the child and the adoptive family.

Can I adopt if I already have a child or children?
Yes, you can. Families who have parenting experience are a great resource for waiting children. Some families adopt children while their biological children are still in the home. Many families who have grown children may experience “empty nest” feelings and will adopt, most often adopting an older child or sibling group.

Are there subsidies available for adoptive families?
Yes, any family adopting a special needs child in Connecticut may be eligible to receive a medical and/or financial subsidy for their child. Children who have special needs include children with physical, intellectual or emotional disabilities, sibling groups, older children, and children with complex medical needs. The Department also has a College Assistance Program that contributes to the cost of college tuition for all children adopted from DCF’s legal custody after January 1, 2005 who attend an accredited college, university, or post secondary program.

Are there certain health requirements for adoptive parents?
Agencies will require physical examination reports from a doctor for the primary caretakers and all members of the household. This does not mean that you must be in perfect physical condition. Adoptive families must be physically and mentally capable of providing care to a child.

What is a "Legal Risk" Adoptive Placement?
Legal risk adoption placements allow children whose parental rights have not yet been terminated to be placed in a pre-adoptive home. Although the permanency plan for the child may be adoption, the child is not free for adoption until the court rules in favor of the termination of parental rights. The Department offers support to the pre-adoptive family during this time but cannot guarantee the outcome of the court proceedings. The greatest challenge of legal risk placements is the uncertainty for the pre-adoptive family.

How long Does It Take To Adopt a Child Who is Already "Legally Free" for Adoption?
The time frame can vary depending upon the age of the child you want to adopt and the needs and availability of children waiting to be adopted. After the initial placement of a child with an adoptive family, the average time to the finalization of the adoption is 6 mos.-1 year.

What are the Adoption Fees?
There is no cost whatsoever to adopt a child who is in the care and custody of the state. In fact, you will receive stipend as well as medical coverage from the time the child is placed in your care until the adoption is finalized. The State sometimes provides ongoing financial assistance and/or medical coverage, on a case-by case basis, to families that adopt sibling groups or to help families parenting children who have medical, emotional or behavioral issues.

After the Adoption is Complete, are Adoptive Families Provided with Support?
Yes, there are various support services available to adoptive families. Services include family counseling, adoption support groups, life book preparation and other support services while the adoption is being processed and up to a year after finalization.

Is There Assistance Available to help Adoptive Families Pay for an Adopted Child’s College Tuition?
In Connecticut, DCF offers college funds to children who were legally committed to the care of DFC in Connecticut before their adoption, who are full time students and have demonstrated a minimum grade point average. The amount paid by DCF is limited to the amount of in-state college tuition costs at the University of Connecticut.


For additional questions not answered above, please contact 1-888-KID-HERO, e-mail to  or request online information about DCF Foster Care / Adoption Programs.



Legal Risk Adoptions
Policies:  48-9-2, 48-9-3, 48-9-4, 48-9-5, 48-9-6

All children are entitled to a permanent nurturing family which meets their physical, medical, emotional, and educational needs. In most situations this will be a child’s family of origin and the Department of Children and Families will make every effort to support the biological family’s desire to raise their children. However, if it becomes necessary to place a child outside of the family home, then reasonable efforts must be made to reunify the child with his/her family or with relatives as soon as possible.considered as soon as it is determined that Termination of Parental Rights will be filed in the Probate Court or in the Superior Court for Juvenile Matters.

If reunification with the family is not in the child’s best interest, it is crucial that a timely plan for adoption be considered.  To avoid multiple placements, a decision to place a child in a "legal risk home" should be

A “legal risk home” is defined as one which is licensed for adoption, but provides foster care for a child who is not legally free, i.e., parental rights have not yet been terminated by the Probate Court or the Superior Court for Juvenile Matters. A “legal risk family” is expected to make a commitment to the child and to work collaboratively with DCF and the child’s biological parents to accomplish the best possible plan for the child whether that is return to the birth family or the finalization of an adoption with the “legal risk family.”

In Connecticut, there are two different courts that can terminate parental rights: the Probate Court and the Superior Court for Juvenile Matters. When a child comes into the care of DCF and the parent(s) have clearly stated that they want to relinquish their legal rights to the child and the child is not yet committed to the Department, DCF will file a petition in the Probate Court. When the Probate Court grants the petition, it will name the Department as statutory parent, thereby giving the Department the authority to place the child in adoption.

If the parents are not willing to consent to have their parental rights terminated, then the Department must file petitions in the Superior Court for Juvenile Matters seeking the termination of the parent(s) right to the child. DCF must prove that there are sufficient grounds to terminate the rights of the parents and must also prove that this result is in the child’s best interests. The Court requires a high standard of proof; the Court is required to find that the Department has proven its case by the measure of “clear and convincing evidence.” If the Court grants the termination petition, the law allows the parents to appeal the decision to the State Appellate Court. If an appeal is taken, then the parental rights are not considered terminated until the Appellate Court has ruled on the matter. This consideration by the Appellate Court may take a year or more.

Thus, the “legal risk family” takes a “legal risk” from the time of placement until (if the termination is appealed by the biological parent), a final decision is rendered by the Appellate Court that the child may not be eligible for adoption. The family, during this entire time, must act as a foster family to the child and is subject to the Department’s regulations and policies applicable to foster homes. This includes working closely with the Department and the biological family to facilitate visitation between the child and his/her family and facilitating the child’s return to the biological family if this is deemed to be in the child’s best interest.

The intent of the Department of Children and Families “legal risk” program is that the child in question will be legally freed for adoption and that the placement will be permanent - however this cannot be guaranteed to the prospective adoptive parents. Children clearly need families that will provide long-term, loving, and stable homes for them regardless of their legal status. However, becoming a “legal risk family” is a decision that a family should think about and carefully consider. It can be very hard and challenging, as well as ultimately very rewarding. We recommend that you talk with your social worker and with other families that have taken part in the “legal risk program.”

We would like to increase the number of “legal risk families” that we have available for our children but the decision must rest with you after you review the program and decide if you are willing to “take a risk for a child…!!”

Do you have questions about legal risk adoptions in Connecticut?  Please give us a call at 860-550-6582 or e-mail us at We would be happy to talk further with you.





Adult Adoption Search - Connecticut Search Law
Connecticut Search Law provides birth parents, birth relatives, adult adoptees, adults formerly in foster care, and adoptive parents with access to certain information contained in adoption files. The laws surrounding adoption files are very specific and the information below is a summary of the law:
According to Connecticut Search Law (Connecticut General Statutes, §§ 45a-743 through 45a-757) adult adoptees, adults formerly in foster care for whom the state of Connecticut had been appointed the statutory parent, and adoptive parents have access to certain information contained in adoption files, which is most often referred to as non-identifying and medical information.

Birth parents have the ability to update information regarding their medical history that is contained in their child’s adoption file.

Additionally, adult adoptees, adults formerly in foster care, birth parents and birth relatives have the ability to conduct a search for their birth family members who are 18 and older through the agency that completed their adoption or the termination of their parental rights.

Frequently Asked Questions About Connecticut Adoption Search

Who can receive non-identifying and medical information?

If the adoption occurred in Connecticut or if the parental rights were terminated in Connecticut:

  • Adult Adoptees (18 yrs and older)
  • An Adult for Whom the State of Connecticut was the Statutory Parent
  • Adoptive Parent of a Minor Child (Under 18)

Who can conduct a search for family members?

If the adoption occurred in Connecticut or if the parental rights were terminated in Connecticut:

  • Adult Adoptees (18 years old and older)
  • An Adult for Whom the State of Connecticut was the Statutory Parent
  • Birth Parent (of adult adoptee)
  • Non-adopted Adult Birth Siblings (with birth parent’s consent)
  • Birth Relatives (with birth parent’s consent)

What information is available?

  • Non-identifying and medical information (i.e., information associated with the family background of the birth parents including social, religious, ethnic, educational, and employment history, and the circumstances of your birth and adoption)
  • Identifying information (with consent of person being sought)

How does one access the information?

  • The agency that did the adoption would research their files to compile information for the requestor.

What if someone doesn’t know which agency did the adoption?

  • The Department of Children and Families, Office of Foster Care and Adoption Services, has a master database that lists all adoptions, both public and private, which have occurred in Connecticut since 1944. Information can be obtained by calling 860-550-6582, writing DCF Search Unit, 505 Hudson Street, Hartford, CT 06106 or e-mailing the Search Unit at the Connecticut Department of Children and Families at
  • If the adoption was completed prior to 1944, the adoptee can contact directly the Probate Court that was involved in the adoption finalization.

What procedures are involved?

  • The person wishing to receive information or conduct a search must make their request in writing to the agency that completed their adoption and have their signature notarized as proof of their identity.
  • The agency will initially provide non-identifying information.
  • If the individual wishes to search, then a personal interview is required. The agency will then attempt to locate the person being sought and gain that person’s permission before any identifying information can be released to the requestor.
  • If consent is provided, the agency will assist in arranging contact in a way that is acceptable to both parties.
  • If the family member being contacted does not provide consent, then the agency that completed the adoption will not be able to disclose any information about the person being sought. If this occurs, the requestor would have the ability to complete a Reunion Registry form so that their contact information may be provided if the family member changes their mind about contact in the future.

Are there any costs involved?

  • If the adoption was through the State of Connecticut (a public agency), there are no costs associated with searching.
  • Private adoption agencies have a fee.

What if the individual searching currently lives in another state, but was adopted in Connecticut?

  • The person searching can receive the background information through the mail by sending the agency a notarized letter confirming their identity.
  • If they wish to search, they will have to arrange for a personal interview to be done by a licensed clinical social worker, psychologist or psychiatrist, or an adoption agency in the state in which they reside.


Reunion Registry
  • Each adoption agency also maintains a Reunion Registry that allows adult adoptees, birth parents, and birth relatives to indicate their desire for contact with their family members.
  • If both the adoptee and the relative have registered for contact, then contact will be initiated by the agency of adoption. The above parties can also update medical histories to be enclosed in the record.
  • It is the responsibility of the person registered to update their contact information including changes to their names, addresses or phone numbers.
  • To have your name added to the Reunion Registry, or to update a Reunion Registry Form, call the agency involved with the adoption to request a form that must be fully completed and notarized.



Adults who were once committed to the care of the State of Connecticut Department of Children and Families

For individuals who had been committed to the care of the Connecticut Department of Children and Families but not adopted, a request can be made to see copies of their file as permitted by Connecticut Statute 17a-28(1)(A), 17a-28 (5), and 17a-28 6(A) and 6(B). This applies to adults (age 18 or older) who were not adopted. If the Closed Records Division can access the file, it will be copied and sent to the individual in question, pending receipt of a notarized letter confirming their identity.

For any additional information, call the Office of Foster Care and Adoption Services at 860-550-6582, or email: , or write:

Anne Marie Stonoha
Office of Foster and Adoption Services
CT-Department of Children and Families
505 Hudson Street
Hartford, CT 06106



Post-Adoption Services

The following services are available to families who have adopted children through DCF:

Financial and Medical Subsidies
Children who have been adopted from the Department of Children and Families (DCF) foster care system and/or a private Connecticut licensed child-placing agency who have special needs are eligible for the subsidized adoption program. This program provides a financial subsidy and/or a medical subsidy to the family to provide for the child’s needs. Please see the “Subsidized Adoption” section of this website for further details about this program.

College Assistance/Post Secondary Education Assistance
The Department will provide financial assistance to youth who were adopted through the Department’s foster care program by the youth’s eighteenth (18th) birthday and who plan to attend an accredited college, university, or institution of higher learning upon completion of their high school education. The adoption must have taken place after December 31, 2004.

The covered post-secondary education expenses include tuition, fees, and room and board equivalent to the costs at the University of Connecticut. Costs of off-campus housing cannot exceed the cost of room and board at UConn and will require documentation.  Books can also be covered as long as the total expense is not more than the cost of tuition, fees, and room and board at UConn. Summer classes also can be covered as long as the total cost of one full school year for the student does not exceed the cost of tuition, fees, and room and board at UConn. Expenditures will be paid only after calculating any educational grants and scholarship awards granted to the prospective student.

Youth interested in the program must be accepted to their chosen educational institution prior to their 21st birthday and may remain eligible for financial assistance until the end of the school year in which he/she turns 23 years of age.

Application Process
In order to apply for college assistance/post secondary assistance from the Department, a youth shall:

  • Apply/compete for appropriate grants and scholarships to offset costs and provide documentation of such efforts.
  • Contact  once the acceptance letter has been received, but no later than May 15th of the year in which the application is requested.
  • Complete the DCF 2097-Application for Financial Assistance for Post Secondary Education and send in the necessary information/forms required. You can fill it out online or request that DCF mail you an application. Send or e-mail the application by June 30th of the year in which the application is requested. A new DCF-2097 must be completed each year that the applicant is requesting financial assistance for post-secondary education.

Once all the required documentation is received, the Statement of Financial Assistance for Post Secondary Education: DCF-2098A is sent to an applicant and the Confirmation of Financial Assistance is sent to the educational institution. Tuition will be paid on a semester by semester basis.

Instructions for Financial Aid Application (For post-secondary Education and Interstate Compact)

  1. Complete sections 1 and 11, “Youth and School Information.” Then in section 111, you will need to write in the complete costs related to the tuition, school fees and the cost for on-campus room and board or projected costs for off-campus room and board. You may need to ask the Bursar or Business Office for a formal breakdown of the costs and attach the documentation to the form.
  2. Regarding grants and scholarships, please list the amount of money that you will receive in grants and scholarships. You will need to document the grants information by obtaining a financial breakdown from the school’s “Financial Aid Office.” Please also attach a copy of all scholarship award letters.
  3. Please sign and date the form. Your parent (if available) should also sign and date the form.
  4. In addition, you will need to send:
    • Copy of your acceptance letter to the school
    • Copy of your Financial Aid application
    • Copy of your high school transcript

Questions?   Contact:



Ongoing Requirements

Each applicant:

  • Shall be accepted in a full time accredited or licensed program.
  • Shall maintain a minimum grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 each year.
  • Shall contribute five hundred dollars ($500.00) to educational costs each year.
  • Shall provide to the Department at the end of each semester or trimester or quarter, as appropriate, documentation of
    • enrollment/registration
    • grades/report cards
  • Shall provide documentation of the application for financial assistance-annually.

Questions? Contact:



Adoption Subsidy Review Board

Any adoption subsidy decision by the Department may be appealed by the adoptive parents or a licensed child-placing agency to the Adoption Subsidy Review Board (ASRB) per CGS 17a-117(b). The three-person board consists of the Commissioner of DCF or her designee, a private licensed child placing agency employee, and an adoptive parent appointed by the Governor. If an appeal is taken, a hearing must be held before the ASRB at least 30 days prior to the termination or reduction of the subsidy, and the subsidy shall continue without modification until the final decision of the Board.


Voluntary Services
DCF may provide, on a voluntary basis (at the request of the family) casework, community referrals, and treatment services for children who are not committed to the Department and who do not require protective service intervention, but may require any of the services offered, administered by, under contract with, or otherwise available to the Department due to emotional or behavioral difficulties.

Adoptive families are eligible for DCF’s Voluntary Services and they can initiate an application by calling DCF’s Hotline: 1-800-842-2288. The Hotline will forward the person’s contact information to the local area office for follow up. The local Voluntary Services social worker will send information about the program to the family via certified mail. Families are expected to:

  • Complete a Voluntary Services Program Application for Services (DCF-2177)
  • Provide the Department with:
    • written reports from service providers
    • a current psychiatric or psychological evaluation, if one exists, which addresses the child/youth’s treatment needs.
  • Sign all release of information forms.
  • Make all household members available to meet with a social worker during home visits conducted for assessment purposes.
  • Provide required financial information.

Families applying for the Voluntary Services program have sixty (60) days from requesting an application to submit the completed application and all the required materials.

A Voluntary Services case will be opened for assessment services upon receipt of the request at the area office. Once the application and a comprehensive eligibility assessment are completed, the area office will inform the family either:

  • The application is approved or
  • The application is refused based on the availability of resources or the inability of the child/youth to meet eligibility requirements.

If a child/youth is deemed ineligible for voluntary services, the family and/or youth have the right to an Administrative Hearing.



Post-Licensing Training

Each licensed core foster family shall attend six modules of training per year.

Post-Licensing Trainings offered



Re-Licensing Process

The initial licensing process that all families complete is just the first step in a career of a Foster, Adoptive, Fictive Kin, Relative or Independent licensed family.  All licenses are issued for only two year period and are renewed annually.

Every two years from initial licensing date, every family is re-licensed and re-assessed by the FASU unit to assure that the family continues to meet the licensing standards and regulatory requirements set forth by the State of CT.  Re-approved families will have to meet PRIDE quality guidelines and have met post licensing training requirements.

Every two years each family makes a decision as to whether continue to be available to care for our children.  You will be sent a re-licensing application which needs to be completed and returned to your support SW.  The current license remains in effect until the re-licensing process is completed ONLY if the re-licensing application is submitted prior to the expiration date on your current license. 

The FASU unit will review your foster care record and talk with Social Workers who have had children placed in your home.  Once these steps are completed the re-licensing SW will contact you to schedule a HV.

During the HV the SW will discuss and changes in your home since last license was issued, such as but not limited to new HHM, changes in employment or income, child care arrangements, legal or health issues.  The SW will also tour your home and view sleeping areas and to assure that the home continues to meet licensing standards and to identify any areas of health or safety concerns and suggest corrective measures that need to take place.  The SW will also discuss with you any questions or concerns that you may have.

When the re-licensing process is completed a new license will be issued if your home continues to meet regulatory requirements.  If your home was not in compliance with one or more requirements, a provisional licensed is issued to allow time to attain compliance.  You will be informed in writing about what is needed to come into compliance and receive a regular license.  A provisional license can be issued for up to 60 days and can only be extended upon approval of the Director of Foster Care.



Subsidized Adoption
Contact Deanna McIntosh at 860-550-6608 or with questions.

Providing Permanency For Special Needs Children In Connecticut
The subsidized adoption program was created to facilitate the adoption of children both in DCF care and in the care of private Connecticut licensed child-placing agencies who have special needs. Subsidized guardianship achieves permanency for children who might otherwise remain in foster care.  The majority of children placed by DCF for adoption receive some kind of adoption subsidy benefit (CT Gen. Stat. 17a-117, DCF Policy 48-18-18).

Who Is Eligible For the Subsidized Adoption Program?
A special needs child is eligible for the Subsidized Adoption program when:

  • The adopting family meets the guidelines for any other adopting family; and
  • The child meets the “special needs child” definition; and
  • The child has established significant emotional ties with prospective parents while in their care as a foster child; or
  • The child cannot be placed in adoption through existing resources after all reasonable efforts have been made consistent with the best interests of the child.

Who qualifies as a “Special Needs” child?
A “special needs” child is defined as a child who is difficult to place in an adoptive home because of one or more of the following conditions:
  • Physical or mental disability.
  • Serious emotional maladjustment.
  • A recognized high risk of physical or mental disability.
  • Over age eight (8) which presents a barrier to adoption.
  • Over the age of two (2) and has racial or ethnic factors which present a barrier to adoption.
  • Is a member of a sibling group that should be placed together.
  • Has been certified as a special needs child by the Department.

What determines the amount, type, and length of adoption subsidy granted?
  • The child shall be the primary focus in the determination of the adoption assistance payment. The subsidy shall be based on the special needs of the child. See DCF Policy 48-18-5 for actual current subsidized adoption rates available to families caring for special needs children.  
  • Some children may be eligible for a medically complex rate - see DCF Policy 48-18-5 for more information.
  • If the child is eligible to receive S.S.I. payments, the family income will be taken into account after finalization in determining the amount of the S.S.I. payment.
  • The child may receive a periodic (monthly) subsidy and/or lump sum payment only up to the child’s eighteenth (18) birthday.
  • The medical subsidy may continue until age twenty-one (21) only when the child is a resident of Connecticut. The medical subsidy provides for payment to medical vendors who are participating members in the state Medicaid program in accordance with established fee schedules.  The medical subsidy covers only those medical services approved for inclusion within the Medicaid Program by the Department of Social Services.
  • Any child adopted from DCF foster care after December 31, 2004 is eligible to apply for the college tuition/post secondary education reimbursement program. See the “Post Adoption Services” section of this website for more details.

Medical Expense Subsidy
The one hundred percent (100%) Medical Expense Subsidy is based on a determination during the adoption process or subsequent to adoption that a specific condition existed prior to the adoption and requires current medical care and treatment. This program will be operated and funded in accordance with the fiscal, policy and procedural guidelines of the state Medicaid program. (DCF Policy 48-18-15) This program includes payments for medical services not paid for by the Department of Social Services which are related to the handicapping condition for which the child was defined as a special needs child.

Reimbursement of Non-Recurring Adoption Expenses
DCF will reimburse those families adopting special needs children for up to $750 of their adoption related expenses that are directly related to the adoption.

Request for Subsidy After Finalization
Adoptive parents may find it necessary to request a subsidy after the adoption has been finalized. Once the “Application for an Adoption Subsidy after Finalization” is filed with all the supporting documentation, a subsidy may be considered at the discretion of the Commissioner for conditions resulting from, or directly related to, the totality of circumstances surrounding the child prior to placement in adoption. A post-finalization subsidy cannot be granted for new conditions or circumstances that occurred following legal adoption.

Post–Finalization Activities: Subsidized Adoption
Once a subsidized adoption has been finalized, the Subsidized Adoption Unit within the Office of Foster Care and Adoption Services assumes responsibility for the ongoing maintenance of the adoption subsidy. The unit carries out the following duties:

  • Conducting a biannual review of each subsidy;
  • Determining whether a subsidy should continue, be modified, or be terminated;
  • Assisting in the location of lost or delayed “subsidized adoption” checks; and
  • Processing subsidies which are requested after an adoption has been finalized.



Adoption Subsidy Review Board

Any subsidy decision by the Department may be appealed by the adopting parents or a licensed child placing agency to the Adoption Subsidy Review Board (CGS 17a-117(b)). If a subsidy is to be terminated or reduced by the Department,  proper notice must be given. If an appeal is taken, a hearing shall be held before the Adoption Subsidy Review Board at least thirty days prior to the termination or reduction, and the subsidy shall continue without modification until the final decision of the Board.



Subsidized Guardianship

What is the subsidized guardianship program?
This program is intended to provide a permanent plan for children in the care and custody of the Department of Children and Families (DCF) who are placed by DCF with their licensed relative caregivers and who cannot return home due either to the death of a parent or the inability to provide a home within the foreseeable future. The child(ren) must have resided with their relative caretaker for at least 6 months. A thorough assessment of the child’s placement will be completed by DCF prior to recommending the transfer of guardianship to the relative. The subsidized guardianship program will then provide the relative caretaker with a monthly board and care payment equal to the prevailing foster care rate (minus any income the child has, such as social security) plus medical coverage in the state Medicaid HMO program. 

(Public Acts 97-272, Sec. 7 and 05-254-eff. 10-1-05), DCF Policy 41-50-2.  This program was authorized by the Connecticut legislature in September of 1998. This program recognizes the importance of financially supporting relative caretakers of children in DCF care who are willing to assume the legal guardianship of the children in their care.

What are the details of the program?
In Connecticut the subsidized guardianship program is initiated by a relative caretaker in conjunction with the local area office DCF social worker. Once the caretaker indicates an interest in the guardianship program, the DCF worker will assess the relative placement in terms of whether or not this is a viable permanent plan for the child and make a recommendation as to the advisability of transferring the guardianship to the relative caretaker. If transferring the guardianship is deemed to be in the best interest of the child, the social worker will then file a Motion to Revoke/Transfer Custody of the child/children with the Superior Court for Juvenile Matters. The motion is then reviewed by a Judge who can authorize the transfer of guardianship to the proposed relative caregiver.

Once guardianship is granted, an application is made by the relative caregiver to the Department for a subsidy. A financial and medical subsidy may be authorized, based on the child’s financial needs. The case is closed at this point for DCF casework services but the financial and medical subsidy case only is then maintained and managed in DCF’s Central Office by the Subsidy Unit housed within the Office of Children and Youth in Placement, 505 Hudson St., Hartford, CT 06106.

Relative guardians also may be eligible for a one-time exceptional expense payment of no more than $500 per child for expenses incurred by the family in the transfer of custody process. There are no additional payments for daycare, clothing, or other services that may have been paid under foster care.

The child is eligible for the subsidized guardianship program until he/she reaches eighteen (18) years of age or twenty-one (21) years of age if the child is in continuous full-time attendance at a secondary school, technical school or college or is in a state-accredited job-training program.

Please note: A “relative” or “related" person means an adult who is related by blood, marriage, or adoption descended from a common ancestor not more than three generations removed (from the child).

The Department conducts an annual review of each guardianship subsidy to determine if the subsidy shall continue, be modified, or be terminated. Annually, a subsidized guardian must submit a sworn statement to the Department that the child is still living with the guardian and receiving financial support from the guardian. A subsidized guardian may request a subsidy hearing when he/she disagrees with the Department’s proposal to modify or terminate a guardianship subsidy.